Эski-Kermen. Best cave city of Crimea.

Эski-Kermen. Best cave city of Crimea.

Interesting adventure in Crimea could be the journey around the ancient cave cities. One of these cities – Эski-Kermen, which is translated from the Crimean Tatar language means "old fortress". The name of the city received because, that it is in a well-protected place. Carved directly into the rock of the cave, connected by narrow passages, It served as a good hedge against nomads.

Eski-Kermen was founded around the VI century. He was the administrative and commercial center. Its inhabitants cultivated grapes, as well as engaged in agriculture, fishing and hunting.

Within the city is 350 caves, they can see the ruins of the Basilica, frescos and other attractions that period, they will give you an idea of ​​the life and events, occurred in the distant past.

This unique city is not far from Bakhchisarai and is included in its cultural and historical reserve.

Journey through the ancient settlement is best to start with the southern. Rising up the winding path, on the way to the main gate, can be seen rather big stone sizes, in which the temple is carved "Three Riders". Through the door you can see the hole, what's inside. Next, you will pass by the temple complex "Judgment Seat". Outside the gates inside the city can move along the eastern slope, where there are the most interesting sights: defensive walls, kazematı, several temples. At the highest point of the plateau elevated basil, which was the center of the cave town. Date of its construction still under discussion. This approximately VI or VII cc.

One of the main attractions is the siege well, which is located at the eastern edge of the wall. In the northern part of the city was located Sentinel. From this point on a nearby headland you can see the remains of the tower - it ruins the castle Kyz-Kule, which means "watchtower".

The city was destroyed by Tatar-Mongol yoke in the VII-IX centuries. But for some time there were people.

Cave city Eski-Kermen is the best of all cave cities of the Crimea. When you visit, you need to have comfortable shoes, a hat and something to eat.

How to get to the cave town?

It is best to choose for placing the city of Sevastopol, it is not only rich in sights, but also hotels, hotels for every taste and budget. Besides, here is convenient transportation, allowing any corner of the Crimea you can visit and come back for the night just a day. Например, known hotel Mariana gladly open the doors to you, You find here warmth and comfort, food and additional services.

By car, it is best to go through the village of Red Poppy, but before you reach the next village Holmovka turn left, at the end turn right through the tile, will continue to be country road to the northernmost part of the plateau. There you will see an employee, collecting money for the entrance.

From the southern cities of the Crimea, such as Sevastopol, Bakhchisarai and Yalta buses go to the village Zalesnoe, it goes from the path around 4 км. Locals prompt.

Good luck to you travel.

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